GLOSSARY
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:: LCL Consolidation Service :: Shipping Guide - Shipping Terms
 A
A.F
"Advanced freight"
Acceptance of Goods
The process of receiving a consignment from a consignor, usually against the issue of a receipt. As from this moment and on this place the carrier's responsibility for the consignment begins.
Act of God
Accidents of a nature beyond human control such as flood, lightning or hurricane usually quoted as 'force majeure'.
Ad Valorem
In proportion to the value: A phrase applied to certain freight or customs duties levied on goods, property, etc. set as a percentage of their value.
Advice Note
A written piece of information e.g. about the status of the goods.
Agency Fee
Fee payable by a ship-owner or ship operator to a port agent.
Agent
A person or organisation authorised to act for or on behalf of another person or organisation. An agent is a corporate body with, which there is an agreement to perform particular functions on behalf of them at an agreed payment. An agent is either a part of the organisation or an independent body.
Air Waybill (AWB)

A document made out by or on behalf of the carrier(s) confirming receipt of the goods by the carrier and evidencing the contract between the shipper and the air carrier(s) for the carriage of goods as described therein.

Allotment
A share of the capacity of a means of transport assigned to a certain party, e.g. a carrier or an agent, for the purpose of the booking of cargo for a specific voyage.
American Bureau of Shipping (ABS)

American classification society which has established rules and regulations for the classification of seagoing vessels of equipment.

Arbitration
The process of referring to an agreed person for judgment on issues of dispute, without requiring the use of courts.
Arrival Date
The date on which goods or a means of transport is due to arrive at the delivery site of the transport.
Arrival Notice
A notice sent by a carrier to a nominated notify party advising of the arrival of a certain shipment or consignment.
Assignment
The transfer of certain rights from one party to another.
Authorised Consignee/Consignor
A trader authorised by the European Commission (regulation 2454/93) to receive or dispatch consignments under transit procedures without having to present goods and documents directly at the customs office.
Authorization
The commission to a certain person or body to act on behalf of another person or body. The person or body can be authorised e.g. to issue Bills of Lading or to collect freight.
Average
In marine insurance: a loss or damage to or in respect of goods or equipment. The numerical result obtained by dividing the sum of two or more quantities by the number of quantities.
Average Adjusters
In general average affairs average adjusters are entrusted with the task of apportioning the loss and expenditure over the parties interested in the maritime venture and to determine which expenses are to be regarded as average or general average.


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